Universal Edition - Anton Webern – Biography

Anton Webern

Anton Webern


1883 – Born on 3rd December in Vienna.

1888 – First piano lessons with his mother.

1890 – The Webern family move to Graz.

1894 – The Webern family move to Klagenfurt where Anton Webern attends the Gymnasium focusing on humanities.

1895 – Webern begins his first music lessons.

1899 – Webern writes his first compositions.

1902 – Graduation from Gymnasium in Klagenfurt, trip to Bayreuth, studies at the Vienna University.

1904 – Begins his studies with Arnold Schönberg.

1906 – Doctoral degree for his dissertation; death of his mother, composes the Piano Quintet.

1908 – completes his studies with Schönberg; substitute conductor at the theatre of Bad Ischl; world premiere of Passacaglia op. 1 in Vienna under Webern.

1910 – conducting post in Teplitz; then substitute conductor in Danzig where Passacaglia is performed under Webern.

1911 – On 22nd February Webern marries his cousin Wilhelmine Mörtl; His Tochter Amalia is born; then a one-year stay in Berlin.

1912 – Conductor in Stettin; his compositions are first published in the ‚Blauen Reiter’ and the magazine ‘Der Ruf’.

1913 – Settles in Vienna; scandal at the world premiere of Six pieces for large orchestra op. 6 in Vienna; his daughter Maria is born.

1915 – his son Peter is born; Webern serves in the army as a one-year volunteer.

1917 – Released from military service; conducting post at the ‚Deutsche Theater’ in Prague.

1918 – Settles in Mödling; helps to run the Society for Private Musical Performance.

1919 – his daugther Christine is born; death of his father Carl von Webern.

1920 – conducting post in Prague; Universal Edition takes him under contract.

1921 – Conductor of the Wiener Schubert-Bundes, takes charge of the Mödlinger Männergesangvereins.

1922 – Webern conducts his Passacaglia at the ‘Düsseldorfer Tonkünstlerfest’.
Five movements for string quartet op. 5 is performed at the International Chamber Music Festival  in Salzburg; takes charge of the Vienna Workers’ Symphony; Conductor of the ‚Freien Typographia’ in Vienna.

1923 – Guest concert under Webern in Berlin; conducts the ‚Wiener Arbeiter-Singvereins’ of the ‚Sozialdemokratischen Bildungsstelle’; Schönberg introduces his students into twelve-tone music.

1924 – World premiere of Six bagatelles for string quartet op. 9 and Six Lieder for voice, clarinet, bass clarinet, violin and cello op. 14 in Donaueschingen; Great Music Prize of the City of Vienna.

1925 – Teacher at the ‚Wiener Jüdischen Blindeninstitut’.

1926 – Webern leaves the Mödlinger Männergesangverein; Meets the couple Jone-Humplik.

1927 – Conductor of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation.

1928 – Composes Symphony op. 21; Webern suffers from stomach ulcers;  Commission from the ‘League of Composers’.

1929 – Concerts in Frankfurt and London with Webern’s co-operation.

1930 – Adviser, lector und censor at the Wiener Rundfunk.

1931 – Concerts in London; Music Prize of the Municipality of Vienna.

1932 – Concerts in London and Barcelona; move to Vienna, then to Maria-Enzersdorf.

1933 – Concert in London; celebrates his 50th birthday in Vienna.

1934 – Dollfuß coup; ban of social democratic party, Webern resigns from his position in the ‘Kunststelle’.

1935 – Concert in London; Alban Berg dies.

1936 – Webern resigns as conductor at the IGNM Festival in Barcelona; Concert in Winterthur conducted by Webern.

1938 – Commission from Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge for a String quartet; World premiere of the cantata Das Augenlicht in London.

1940 – Trip to Switzerland.

1943 – Last trip abroad to Switzerland; Webern turns 60 years.

1945 – Peter Webern dies on 11th February; the Webern family flee to Mittersill;
Anton Webern is mistakenly shot on 15th September by an American soldier.