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Universal Edition - Leoš Janácek – The Makropulos Affair

Leoš Janácek

Leoš Janácek
The Makropulos Affair

Year of composition: 1925
Subtitle: Opera in 3 acts
Version: revised edition by Jirí Zahrádka
Composer: Leoš Janácek
Edited by: Jirí Zahrádka
Librettist: Leoš Janácek
Original Language: Tschechisch
Translator: Max Brod; Norman Tucker
Parts: Emilia Marty, dramatic soprano
Albert Gregor, tenor
Vítek, tenor
Christa, mezzo-soprano
Jaroslav Prus, baritone
Janek, tenor
Advokat Kolenaty, bass-baritone
Strojník, bass
Poklízecka, alto
Hauk-Sendorf, operetta tenor
Komorná, alto
Lékar, silent
Choir: Männerchor (TTBB)
Instrumentation: 4 3 4 3 - 4 3 3 1 - 1. Horn in F (Banda interna), 2. Horn in F (Banda interna), 1. Trompete in F (Banda interna), 2. Trompete in F (Banda interna), Pauken (Banda interna), timp, perc(3), hp, cel, str
Instrumentation details:
1st flute
2nd flute
3rd flute (+picc)
4th flute (+picc)
1st oboe
2nd oboe
cor anglais
1st clarinet in Bb
2nd clarinet in Bb (+cl(Eb))
3rd clarinet in Bb (+bass cl(Bb))
4th clarinet in Bb
1st bassoon
2nd bassoon
3rd bassoon (+cbsn)
1st horn in F
2nd horn in F
3rd horn in F
4th horn in F
1st trumpet in F
2nd trumpet in F
3rd trumpet in F
1st trombone
2nd trombone
3rd trombone
tuba
timpani
percussion(3)
celesta
harp
violin I
violin II
viola
violoncello
double bass
1. Horn in F (Banda interna)
2. Horn in F (Banda interna)
1. Trompete in F (Banda interna)
2. Trompete in F (Banda interna)
Pauken (Banda interna)
Remarks: The new critical edition will be fully available from the 2015/2016 season. Unlike the Bärenreiter edition published at about the same time, Universal Edition's new edition has taken advantage of all available sources, including a duplicate of the full score by Janácek's principal copyist Václav Sedlácek. This manuscript, housed in Universal Edition's archive, may well be considered the work's most important primary source, since the composer had it sent to his publisher Universal Edition immediately after the first performances and resultant corrections as its complete and definitive version.
Duration: 120′
 
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World Première

Location: Janácek-Theater Brno / Czech Republic
Date: 21.11.2014
Conductor: Marko Ivanovic
Scenery: David Radok
Main Soloists: Emilia Marty, Gitta-Maria Sjöberg; Albert Gregor, Ales Briscein; Solicitátor Vitek, Petr Levicek; Kristina, Eva Sterbová; etc.
Remarks: orchestra: Janácek Opera Ensemble and Orchestra of the National Theatre Brno

Work Introduction

Notes on the issues concerning this edition

In the new critical edition of the opera The Makropulos Case by Leoš Janáček, the performance material has been completely reworked on the basis of all the preserved sources. The revision of the score involved a comparison of the autograph score with three copies that originated during the composer’s lifetime.

Sedláčeks Abschrift Kulháneks Abschrift Janáčeks Autograf

Sedláček’s copy

Kulhánek’s copy

Janáček’s autograph

The primary source is the copy that was prepared by Václav Sedláček for the publishers Universal Edition and that contains the subsequent corrections. This copy was used by the conductor Otakar Ostrčil in 1928 during rehearsals for the Prague premiere of the opera at the National Theatre, which was attended by Janáček himself. The second copy was produced by Jaroslav Kulhánek and was used for the first performance of the work at Brno National Theatre conducted by František Neumann. Janáček was actively involved in the rehearsals for this performance. The third copy contains Act One and was prepared in 1926–1927, also for Universal Edition. Additional important sources which influenced the text of the new edition are the handwritten piano score by Ludvík Kundera with corrections entered by Janáček, three handwritten piano scores from the Brno premiere, and also the proof and first print of the piano score. The original handwritten orchestral and choral parts from which the work was played and sung for the first time and also the vocal soloist parts that have been preserved are also significant. Three copies of Čapek’s drama The Makropulos Case with handwritten changes and corrections by the composer were treated as authoritative for the wording of the opera text. The new edition also takes into consideration Janáček’s corrections to the score which have been preserved in private collections, for example. Finally, the lengthy correspondence between Janáček and the conductors, the publishers Universal Edition and the translator Max Brod, for example, also played an important role in determining the work’s final form.

The new critical edition therefore presents the work in a form that corresponds to the greatest possible extent to the ideas of the composer, taking all the relevant sources into account. In a departure from the earlier edition, the extreme instrumental pitches typical of Janáček have returned following their elimination by the copyists (Sedláček and Kulhánek played in the Brno orchestra and were aware of details such as the theatre’s lack of a double bass with an extra 5th string for lower notes). This edition also uses the spectrum of instruments envisaged by Janáček, with special instruments such as the viola d'amore, the children’s drum and, as mentioned above, the five-stringed double bass. Minor instrumental additions of unknown origin have been removed from the score and errors have been rectified, including incorrectly notated metre. The dynamics are a separate issue. At first Janáček only gave a rough idea of the dynamics and did not enter any markings at all in the vocal parts. These approximations were elaborated in more detail for the first performance. Janáček played an active role in the rehearsals and he regarded the dynamics entered by the conductor František Neumann as exemplary. However, they were not included in the printed edition and over the course of time the entries in the score, which was still in use in the 1990s, were covered by markings written by other conductors. With the benefit of his experience from other editions of Janáček’s works, the editor has been able to reconstruct the dynamics entered by František Neumann by comparing the sources and has integrated them into this new edition. The same applies to the expression marks and some phrasing.

The new edition of the opera The Makropulos Case has been edited by PhDr. Jiří Zahrádka, who has been curator of the Janáček Archive at the Moravian State Museum for 20 years and has written numerous studies on the life and work of Leoš Janáček. His latest publications include the book ‘Theatre must not be Comedy for the People’. Leoš Janáček and the National Theatre in Brno. Jiří Zahrádka has also edited the new critical editions of many more works by Leoš Janáček such as Šárka, Osud (Destiny), The Excursions of Mr. Brouček, The Cunning Little Vixen, the Glagolitic Mass, the Sinfonietta (in preparation) and chamber music. He is also working on a critical edition of Leoš Janáček’s complete correspondence.

The new critical edition will be fully available from the 2015/2016 season. Unlike the Bärenreiter edition published at about the same time, Universal Edition’s new edition has taken advantage of all available sources, including the aforementioned duplicate of the full score by Janáček’s principal copyist Václav Sedláček. This manuscript, housed in Universal Edition’s archive, may well be considered the work’s most important primary source, since the composer had it sent to his publisher Universal Edition immediately after the first performances and resultant corrections as its complete and definitive version.

Study score (excerpt)

Piano reduction – The Makropulos Affair

  • Edition type: piano reduction
  • Language: German; English; Czech
  • UE34612
  • ISBN: 978-3-7024-7370-9
  • ISMN: 979-0-008-08699-1
EUR 79,95

Prices incl. VAT plus shipping costs

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Full score – The Makropulos Affair

  • Edition type: full score
  • Edition info: Based on the critcal edition by Jirí Zahrádka.
  • Language: German; English; Czech
  • UE35864
  • ISBN: 978-3-7024-7425-6
  • ISMN: 979-0-008-08754-7
EUR 475,00

Prices incl. VAT plus shipping costs

Pay by credit card, PayPal and direct bank transfer (in some countries)


Study score – The Makropulos Affair

The critical edition of the opera is based on a comparison of all the relevant extant sources and so represents the shape of the work that approximates most closely to the composer’s intentions.

  • Edition type: study score
  • Edition info: Based on the critcal edition by Jirí Zahrádka.
  • Series: Neue Studienpartituren-Reihe
  • Language: German; English; Czech
  • UE36511
  • ISBN: 978-3-7024-7424-9
  • ISMN: 979-0-008-08753-0
EUR 89,95

Prices incl. VAT plus shipping costs

Pay by credit card, PayPal and direct bank transfer (in some countries)


5 Ensembles that have played this work:

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