Leoš Janáček: String Quartet No. 1

Leoš Janáček String Quartet No. 1
String Quartet No. 1

Leoš Janáček: String Quartet No. 1

Year of composition:
1923
Subtitle:
after Tolstoy's ‘Kreutzer sonata’
Scored for:
for string quartet
Composer:
Leoš Janáček
Editor:
Milan Skampa (1970)
Subject:
Leo Tolstoi
Instrumentation details:
1st violin
2nd violin
viola
violoncello
Table of contents:
Adagio
Con moto
Con moto
Con moto
Duration:
18’
More Less

Audiosamples

String Quartet No. 1
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Work introduction

Taking its impulse from the composer’s earlier piano trio on the subject (now lost), Janáček composed with Tolstoy’s bitter tragedy The Kreutzer Sonata in mind.

The novella tells of an adulterous woman and the homicidal reaction of her husband. Janáček – locked in a loveless marriage and pining for another woman – was drawn to its sorrowful tale. The composer’s 1900 copy of the novella is littered with annotations and comments. But most articulate is the resulting score.

Like the later “Intimate Letters”, it is a shifting kaleidoscope of powerful aphoristic themes. And although the quartet’s intense lyricism and the title recall the Viennese tradition of Beethoven and his successors, Janáček’s passion is wholly unique.

© Gavin Plumley (excerpt taken from the Newton Classics CD 8802072)

Reproduction of the text in any form is only permitted with prior written permission of the author.

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