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Leoš Janáček: Taras Bulba

  • Rhapsody (1915-1918)
  • for orchestra
  • 3 3 3 3 - 4 3 3 1 - timp, perc(4), hp, org, str
  • Duration: 24’
  • Instrumentation details:
    1st flute
    2nd flute
    3rd flute (+picc)
    1st oboe
    2nd oboe
    cor anglais
    clarinet in Eb
    1st clarinet in Bb
    2nd clarinet in Bb
    1st bassoon
    2nd bassoon
    3rd bassoon (+cbsn)
    1st horn in F
    2nd horn in F
    3rd horn in F
    4th horn in F
    1st trumpet in C (+tpt(F))
    2nd trumpet in C (+tpt(F))
    3rd trumpet in C (+tpt(F))
    1st trombone
    2nd trombone
    3rd trombone
    tuba
    timpani
    tubular bells
    triangle
    snare drum
    cymbal
    harp
    organ
    violin I
    violin II
    viola
    violoncello
    contrabass
  • Composer: Leoš Janáček
  • Preface: Otakar Sourek
  • Subject: Nikolai W. Gogol
  • Table of contents:
    Smrt Andrijova / Andrijs Tod / The death of Andriy
    Smrt Ostapova / Ostaps Tod / The death of Ostap
    Proroctví a smrt Tarase Bulby / Prophezeiung und Tod Taras Bulbas / The prophecy and death of Taras Bulba

Work introduction

Taras Bulba is a direct reflection of Janá?ek’s glowing enthusiasm for and sympathies with the struggling Russian nation. The name of his tripartite symphonic rhapsody refers to Gogol’s treatment of the Ukrainian legend of the Cossack Taras Bulba, who died a hero’s death after defeating the Poles in battle in 1628.

Walter Dobner (from the programme booklet 2006/2007):

… as early as 1905, during the time of the Russian-Japanese War, Janá?ek was already thinking of setting the material to music. He did not do it until 10 years later, when occasion to do so arose: the turmoil of World War I.

Janá?ek documented the musico-dramatic veins by deliberately concentrating on three striking episodes chosen from the Gogol novella. The first, “Andrij’s Death,” depicts Taras Bulba’s son Andrij falling in love with a Polish girl, betraying his comrades and being shot to death by his father.  The second, “Ostap’s Death,” retells how the Poles torture and kill Taras Bulba’s firstborn son before his very eyes as he looks on helplessly. “Taras Bulba’s Prophecy and Death” portrays the Cossack ataman – captured and tortured by the Poles – professing his faith in eternal Russia as he is burning at the stake …

Audiosamples

The complete perusal score (PDF-preview)

World première

Location:
National-Theater, Brno (CZ)
Date:
09.10.1921
Conductor:
Neumann František

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