Arvo Pärt: In principio

Arvo Pärt In principio
In principio

Arvo Pärt: In principio

Year of composition:
2003
Scored for:
for mixed choir and orchestra
Composer:
Arvo Pärt
Choir:
SATB
Instrumentation:
3 2 2 3 - 4 3 4 1 - timp, perc(3), str
Instrumentation details:
1st flute
2nd flute
3rd flute
1st oboe
2nd oboe
1st clarinet in Bb
2nd clarinet in Bb
1st bassoon
2nd bassoon
contrabassoon
1st horn in F
2nd horn in F
3rd horn in F
4th horn in F
1st trumpet in C
2nd trumpet in C
3rd trumpet in C
1st trombone
2nd trombone
3rd trombone
4th trombone
bass tuba
timpani
percussion(3)
violin I
violin II
viola
violoncello
contrabass
Table of contents:
I. In principio erat Verbum (Jo. 1, 1–5)
II. Fuit homo missus a Deo (Jo. 1, 6–8)
III. Erat lux vera (Jo. 1, 9–11)
IV. Quotquot autem acceperunt sum (Jo. 1, 12–13)
V. Et Verbum caro factum est (Jo. 1, 14)
Commission:
Autragswerk der Diözese Graz-Seckau zum Programm "Graz 2003 – Kulturhaupstadt Europas"
Duration:
20’
Dedication:
für Tõnu Kaljuste
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Audiosamples

In principio
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In principio
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In principio
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The complete perusal score (PDF-preview)

Work introduction

In principio takes its words from the Gospel of John 1:1-14 and puts them into a five-movement form. This work, as in all of Pärt’s music, is governed by a strict formal design, with the clarity of the musical structure corresponding to that of the Latin text. The first movement (vv. 1-5) and the fifth (v. 14) are limited to two opposing formal elements: a static, syllabically articulated A-minor chord, and its timbral and tonal opposite, a fanfare-like figure that expands with each new section, growing in loudness and returning to its beginning after traversing all twelve keys.

The second movement (vv. 6-8), devoted to John the Baptist, is conceived as a powerfully moving single-voice monody. The central third movement (vv. 9-11) is not only the longest but the one whose message Pärt specially emphasised by repeating the words three times – something he had never done before in his vocal music. He evidently did so to send a signal directly to each and every one of us. The fourth movement (vv. 12-13) seems to begin ex nihilo, growing slowly but with an ineluctable pulse in a mighty procession. The fifth movement (v. 14) constitutes, in combination with the first, the formal and expressive frame of the composition, albeit in mirror reflection.

If the chorus in the first movement statically pulsates while the orchestra proceeds dynamically through the circle of keys, these roles are reversed in the fifth movement. Thus, the expanding thrust given to the orchestra in the opening movement is now focused entirely on the text of the chorus.

(Wolfgang Sander, translation by J. Bradford Robinson)

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Special prints

In principio

Arvo Pärt: In principio

full score
for mixed choir and orchestra , 20’
Instr.: 3 2 2 3 - 4 3 4 1 - timp, perc(3), str

In principio

Arvo Pärt: In principio

study score
for mixed choir and orchestra , 20’
Instr.: 3 2 2 3 - 4 3 4 1 - timp, perc(3), str

In principio

Arvo Pärt: In principio

piano reduction
for mixed choir and orchestra , 20’
Instr.: 3 2 2 3 - 4 3 4 1 - timp, perc(3), str

World première

Location:
Graz
Date:
22.05.2003
Orchestra:
Cappella Istropolitana
Conductor:
Michael Fendre

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